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Tag: mortgagor

Can a borrower redeem their mortgage under power of sale?

The answer to this question is constantly evolving, with new and conflicting case law addressing specific facts released almost yearly.  The old adage of being able to redeem your mortgage (payout your mortgage) during a power of sale proceeding so long as the mortgagee in possession (being the seller) has not yet entered into a firm or unconditional agreement of purchase and sale with a buyer is no longer clear cut.Today the way I understand it is that there are two issues once the mortgagee in possession (being the seller/mortgage lender) enters into an agreement of purchase and sale with a potential buyer, and whether or not the borrower/mortgagor can still redeem (payout) his mortgage and keep his property:Agreement of purchase and sale has conditions that must be satisfied prior to the agreement becoming “firm”; and

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Issues in Mortgage Law

Foreclosure: When and Why?It is not uncommon to combine a claim for foreclosure with a claim for the amount due under the covenants contained in the mortgage. Thus, an action for foreclosure is for the recovery of the mortgaged property itself and is a means by which the mortgagor’s equity of redemption is ended, so that the mortgagee may realize on the security without later having to justify the sale price or to account for the sale proceeds.In Toronto, and quite a few other jurisdictions in Ontario, the foreclosure process takes place as a reference pursuant to Rules 54 and 55 of the Rules of Civil Procedure. Besides this, Rule 64 has specific application to foreclosures and sale actions. When a choice is made between power of sale or foreclosure, there are several issues to consider. Such considerations are:  whether the mortgagee is an institutional or private lender; whether there are any subsequent encumbrancers or execution creditors and whether they are private or institutional;

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Mortgage Enforcement: What Can Go Wrong?

Notice of Sale and RequisitionsIf a purchase is made under power of sale, it is necessary to ensure that the vendor is authorized to conduct the sale and that the power of sale proceeding has been properly commenced. A requisition, in this respect, by purchaser’s legal counsel is expected to bring forth a statutory declaration attaching evidence of service of the notice of sale.  The usual practice is to attach to the statutory declaration evidence of service of the notice of sale by registered mail, including the registered mail receipts. The Court of Appeal ruled in CIBC Mortgage Corp. v. Chopra that service by registered mail to the address provided for in the mortgage would be quite adequate for the purpose.Typical Schedules to APSVendors of properties under power of sale more often than not include a schedule to the agreement of purchase and sale which significantly alters the usual terms of a sale/purchase transaction.

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Mortgage Enforcement: Issues for Discussion

IntroductionCommon issues expected to arise and confront legal counsels in mortgage enforcement practice, whether from the mortgagor’s perspective or from the lender’s perspective are under discussion here. Divided into ten sections, each of which addresses a discrete point, the purpose is to assist counsels in identifying the relevant issues, the common problems, and the usual solutions.Entitlement to 3-Months InterestAccording to Section 17(1) of the Mortgages Act:“Despite any agreement to the contrary, where default has been made in the payment of any principal money secured by a mortgage of freehold or leasehold property, the mortgagor or person entitled to make such payment may at any time, upon payment of three months interest on the principal money so in arrear, pay the same, or the mortgagor or person entitled to make such payment may give the mortgagee at least three months notice, in writing, of the intention to make such payment at a time named in the notice, and in the event of making such payment on the day so named is entitled to make the same without any further payment of interest except to the date of payment.”

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MORTGAGE DEFAULT: Power of Sale or Foreclosure?

Although generally the real estate market in Ontario has been robust, the frenzied market of the past has caused an increase in mortgage defaults as a result of an overall weakened economy and a tighter lending market.  Many clients of Levy Zavet PC are both lenders (“mortgagees”) who make investments in mortgaged property and borrowers (“mortgagors”) who are making real estate investments.  When

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